Biodiversity is the variability among living organisms from all sources, including terrestrial, marine, and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part, including diversity of species, of genetic variations within one species, between species, and of ecosystems.
Biodiversity is important in supporting livelihoods of our local people from available resources of both marine and terrestrial. Therefore, conservation of biological diversity is important to consider, for the sustainable utilisation of our biodiversity resources to enable our current and future generations to enjoy and benefit from it.
There are also threats to the biodiversity which are naturally caused or from the effects of global climate change, and from human induced including pollution, overharvesting of biodiversity resources, etc. However, conservation measures such as the establishment of protected areas, management of destructive species, etc need to be considered and taken into account, hence the following indicators under the Biodiversity thematic area are reflective of those important conservation measures.


  • Number and location of protected area
  • Number and location of critically eroded sites
  • Number of Mangroves planted in hectare
  • Maps of Mangroves areas
  • Coverage of seagrass beds
  • Maps of seagrass beds
  • Types and location of invasive species
  • Location and number of turtles tagged, nesting sites, number of turtles and species found in these nesting sites
  • Avifauna